Are tropical cyclones less effectively formed by easterly waves in the Western North pacific than in the North Atlantic?

Tsing Chang Chen, Shih Yu Wang, Ming Cheng Yen, Adam J. Clark

研究成果: 雜誌貢獻期刊論文同行評審

30 引文 斯高帕斯(Scopus)

摘要

It has been observed that the percentage of tropical cyclones originating from easterly waves is much higher in the North Atlantic (∼60%) than in the western North Pacific (10%-20%). This disparity between the two ocean basins exists because the majority (71%) of tropical cyclogeneses in the western North Pacific occur in the favorable synoptic environments evolved from monsoon gyres. Because the North Atlantic does not have a monsoon trough similar to the western North Pacific that stimulates monsoon gyre formation, a much larger portion of tropical cyclogeneses than in the western North Pacific are caused directly by easterly waves. This study also analyzed the percentage of easterly waves that form tropical cyclones in the western North Pacific. By carefully separating easterly waves from the lower-tropospheric disturbances generated by upper-level vortices that originate from the tropical upper-tropospheric trough (TUTT), it is observed that 25% of easterly waves form tropical cyclones in this region. Because TUTT-induced lower-tropospheric disturbances often become embedded in the trade easterlies and resemble easterly waves, they have likely been mistakenly identified as easterly waves. Inclusion of these "false" easterly waves in the "true" easterly wave population would result in an underestimation of the percentage of easterly waves that form tropical cyclones, because the TUTT-induced disturbances rarely stimulate tropical cyclogenesis. However, an analysis of monsoon gyre formation mechanisms over the western North Pacific reveals that 82% of monsoon gyres develop through a monsoon trough - easterly wave interaction. Thus, it can be inferred that 58% (i.e., 82% × 71%) of tropical cyclones in this region are an indirect result of easterly waves. Including the percentage of tropical cyclones that form directly from easterly waves (∼25%), it is found that tropical cyclones formed directly and indirectly from easterly waves account for over 80% of tropical cyclogeneses in the western North Pacific. This is more than the percentage that has been documented by previous studies in the North Atlantic.

原文???core.languages.en_GB???
頁(從 - 到)4527-4540
頁數14
期刊Monthly Weather Review
136
發行號11
DOIs
出版狀態已出版 - 2008

指紋

深入研究「Are tropical cyclones less effectively formed by easterly waves in the Western North pacific than in the North Atlantic?」主題。共同形成了獨特的指紋。

引用此