The covariance matrix plays an important role in second-order statistics, enabling numerous signal processing techniques. By exploiting the multivariate moment-generating function (MGF), this paper analytically derives an exact, closed-form joint probability density function (JPDF) of the envelopes of two correlated Nakagami-m channels and their phase difference when m\geq 1.0$. By exploiting a common-variance approximation, an approximate, closed-form JPDF is derived for .5\leq m< 1.0$ because of the in-phase/quadrature-phase (I/Q) imbalance property of Hoyt fading channels. According to the derived JPDFs, the covariance matrix can be calculated in a form consisting of only one definite integral. Simulations are conducted to confirm the analytical results in terms of the covariance matrix and the PDF of the phase difference.
|頁（從 - 到）||1612-1625|
|期刊||IEEE Transactions on Vehicular Technology|
|出版狀態||已出版 - 2月 2020|
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