Rate-and-state friction is an empirical approach to the behavior of a frictional surface. We use a nematic liquid crystal in a channel between two parallel planes to model frictional sliding. Nematic liquid crystals model a wide variety of physical phenomena in systems that rapidly switch between states; they are well studied and interesting examples of anisotropic non-Newtonian fluids, characterized by the orientational order of a director field d→(x→, t) interacting with the the velocity field u→(x→, t). To model frictional sliding, we introduce a nonlinear viscosity that changes as a function of the director field orientation; the specific choice of viscosity function determines the behavior of the system. In response to sliding of the top moving plane, the fluid undergoes a rapid increase in resistance followed by relaxation. Strain is localized within the channel. The director field plays a role analogous to the state variable in rate-and-state friction.
|頁（從 - 到）
|Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
|已出版 - 10 6月 2008