A car pooling model and solution method with stochastic vehicle travel times

Shangyao Yan, Chun Ying Chen, Sheng Chieh Chang

研究成果: 雜誌貢獻期刊論文同行評審

21 引文 斯高帕斯(Scopus)

摘要

Carpooling is one method that can be easily instituted and can help resolve a variety of problems that continue to plague urban areas, ranging from energy demands and traffic congestion to environmental pollution. However, most carpooling organizations currently use a trial-and-error process, in accordance with the projected vehicle travel times, for carpooling, which is neither effective nor efficient. In other words, stochastic disturbances arising from variations in vehicle travel times in actual operations are neglected. In the worst case scenario, where vehicle travel times fluctuate wildly during operations, the planned schedule could be disturbed enough to lose its optimality. Therefore, we constructed a stochastic carpooling model that considers the influence of stochastic travel times. The model is formulated as an integer multiple commodity network flow problem. Since real problem sizes can be large, it could be difficult to find optimal solutions within a reasonable period of time. Therefore, we develop a solution algorithm to solve the model. To test how well the model and the solution algorithm can be applied to the real world, we also developed a simulation-based evaluation method. To test the model and the solution algorithm, a case study is performed based upon data reported from a past study carried out in northern Taiwan. The results show that the model and solution algorithm are good and could be useful for carpooling practices.

原文???core.languages.en_GB???
文章編號6567895
頁(從 - 到)47-61
頁數15
期刊IEEE Transactions on Intelligent Transportation Systems
15
發行號1
DOIs
出版狀態已出版 - 2月 2014

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