Impact of the bidirectional relationship between communication and cognitive efficacy on orthopedic patient adherence behavior

  • Dong-Shang Chang (???dataset.roles.dataset.creator???)
  • Wil Lie Chen (???dataset.roles.dataset.creator???)
  • Rouwen Wang (???dataset.roles.dataset.creator???)



Abstract Background There is growing interest in patient autonomy, and communication between physicians and patients has become the essential cornerstone for improving the quality of healthcare services. Previous research has concentrated on the direct effect of physician-patient communication on service outcomes. In the present study, we examined the influence among constructs in the service process and the impact on healthcare outcomes. The present study used behavioral theory to expand the process aspect of the Donabedian healthcare service quality structure-process-outcome model to examine the impact of cognitive changes and communication feedback on patients’ adherence behavior. In addition, the moderating effect of hospital facility levels is examined. Methods A conceptual model was developed and tested using a questionnaire administered to patients in eight hospitals. A total of 397 respondents returned usable surveys, with a response rate of 92.11%. Structural equation modeling was used to analyze the data in two steps that involved a measurement model and a structural model. The former was applied to estimate the Cronbach’s alphas, intercorrelations of factors, and descriptive statistics; the latter was used to test the hypothesized relationships of the constructs. Results The results identified three mediators of the healthcare process within the healthcare services framework: physician-patient communication, cognitive efficacy, and adherence behavior. Physician-patient communication influenced cognitive efficacy (β = 0.16, p