Zwicky Transient Facility and Globular Clusters: The Period-Luminosity and Period-Wesenheit Relations for Type II Cepheids

Chow Choong Ngeow, Anupam Bhardwaj, Jing Yi Henderson, Matthew J. Graham, Russ R. Laher, Michael S. Medford, Josiah Purdum, Ben Rusholme

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Abstract

We present the first gri-band period-luminosity (PL) and period-Wesenheit (PW) relations for 37 Type II Cepheids (TIICs) located in 18 globular clusters based on photometric data from the Zwicky Transient Facility. We also updated BVIJHK-band absolute magnitudes for 58 TIICs in 24 globular clusters using the latest homogeneous distances to the globular clusters. The slopes of g/r/i- and B/V/I-band PL relations are found to be statistically consistent when using the same sample of distance and reddening. We employed the calibration of ri-band PL/PW relations in globular clusters to estimate a distance to M31 based on a sample of ∼270 TIICs from the PAndromeda project. The distance modulus to M31, obtained using calibrated ri-band PW relation, agrees well with the recent determination based on classical Cepheids. However, distance moduli derived using the calibrated r- and i-band PL relations are systematically smaller by ∼0.2 mag, suggesting there are possible additional systematic errors on the PL relations. Finally, we also derive the period-color (PC) relations and for the first time the period-Q-index (PQ) relations, where the Q-index is reddening free, for our sample of TIICs. The PC relations based on (r − i) and near-infrared colors and the PQ relations are found to be relatively independent of the pulsation periods.

Original languageEnglish
Article number154
JournalAstronomical Journal
Volume164
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - 1 Oct 2022

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