Zwicky Transient Facility and Globular Clusters: The Period-Luminosity and Period-Luminosity-Color Relations for Late-type Contact Binaries

Chow Choong Ngeow, Szu Han Liao, Eric C. Bellm, Dmitry A. Duev, Matthew J. Graham, Ashish A. Mahabal, Frank J. Masci, Michael S. Medford, Reed Riddle, Ben Rusholme

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Abstract

In this work, we aimed to derive the gri-band period-luminosity (PL) and period-luminosity-color (PLC) relations for late-type contact binaries, for the first time, located in globular clusters, using the homogeneous light curves collected by the Zwicky Transient Factory (ZTF). We started with 79 contact binaries in 15 globular clusters, and retained 30 contact binaries in 10 globular clusters that have adequate numbers of data points in the ZTF light curves and are unaffected by blending. Magnitudes at mean and maximum light of these contact binaries were determined using a fourth-order Fourier expansion, while extinction corrections were done using the Bayerstar2019 3D reddening map together with adopting the homogeneous distances to their host globular clusters. After removing early-type and "anomaly"contact binaries, our derived gri-band PL and period-Wesenheit (PW) relations exhibited a much larger dispersion with large errors on the fitted coefficients. Nevertheless, the gr-band PL and PW relations based on this small sample of contact binaries in globular clusters were consistent with those based on a larger sample of nearby contact binaries. Good agreements of the PL and PW relations suggested both samples of contact binaries in the local Solar neighborhood and in the distant globular clusters can be combined and used to derive and calibrate the PL, PW, and PLC relations. The final derived gr-band PL, PW, and PLC relations were much improved over those based on the limited sample of contact binaries in the globular clusters.

Original languageEnglish
Article number63
JournalAstronomical Journal
Volume162
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Aug 2021

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