Vorticity forces of coherent structures on the NACA0012 aerofoil

Te Yao Chiu, Chien Chou Tseng, Chien Cheng Chang, Yi Ju Chou

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1 Scopus citations


This study examined the impact of coherent structures on the aerodynamic forces exerted on a NACA0012 aerofoil with angles of attack and, and a chord-based Reynolds number. The study utilized the spectral proper orthogonal decomposition (SPOD) algorithm to identify the coherent structures, and vorticity force analysis to quantify their impact on lift and drag forces. Results showed that at, the zeroth frequency of the first SPOD mode had a significant impact on drag and lift forces due to a large vortex structure that caused a strong flow along the suction side of the aerofoil. The first and second frequencies of the first SPOD mode represented asymmetric vortex pairs and a series of vortex pairs that determined the leading-edge separation, respectively. At, the zeroth frequency of the first mode corresponded to an oscillating near-wall stream that followed the reattachment flow pattern, while the first frequency corresponded to a counter-rotating vortex pair that originated where the flow reattaches. Finally, the second frequency of the first mode corresponded to smaller counter-rotating vortex pairs at the shear layer originated near the reattachment point. These findings suggest that coherent structures have a significant impact on aerodynamic forces exerted on aerofoils, and can be identified and quantified using the SPOD algorithm and vorticity force analysis.

Original languageEnglish
Article numberA52
JournalJournal of Fluid Mechanics
StatePublished - 7 Nov 2023


  • turbulence simulation
  • wakes


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