Videofluoroscopy dysphagia severity scale is predictive of subsequent remote pneumonia in dysphagia patients

Poyin Huang, Yi Chiung Hsu, Chien Hsun Li, Sun Wung Hsieh, Kuo Wei Lee, Kun Han Wu, Wen Ching Chen, Chung Wei Lin, Chun Hung Chen

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

1 Scopus citations

Abstract

Introduction: Dysphagia-associated pneumonia is a critical health issue especially in the elders and stroke patients which carries a poorer prognosis. Therefore, we aim to identify methods with the potentials to predict subsequent pneumonia in dysphagia patients, which will be of great value in the prevention and early management of pneumonia. Methods: One-hundred dysphagia patients were enrolled and measurements including Dysphagia Severity Scale (DSS), Functional Oral Intake Scale (FOIS), Ohkuma Questionnaire, and Eating Assessment Tool-10 (EAT-10) were assessed by either videofluoroscopy (VF), videoendoscopy (VE), or the study nurse. The patients were categorized into mild or severe groups based on each screening method. All the patients were assessed for pneumonia at 1, 3, 6, and 20 months after the examinations. Results: VF-DSS (p=0.001) is the only measurement being significantly associated with subsequent pneumonia with sensitivity and specificity of 0.857 and 0.486. The Kaplan-Meier curves revealed that significant differences between the mild/severe groups start to emerge 3 months after VF-DSS (p=0.013). Cox regression models used for adjusted hazard ratio of severe VF-DSS in association with subsequent pneumonia of different timepoints after controlling the important covariates showed the following results: 3 months, p=0.026, HR=5.341, 95%CI=1.219-23.405; 6 months, p=0.015, HR=4.557, 95%CI=1.338-15.522; 20 months, p=0.004, HR=4.832, 95%CI=1.670-13.984. Conclusions: Dysphagia severity evaluated by VE-DSS, VE-FOIS, VF-FOIS, Ohkuma Questionnaire, and EAT-10 is not associated with subsequent pneumonia. Only VF-DSS is associated with both short-term and long-term subsequent pneumonia. In patients with dysphagia, VF-DSS is predictive of subsequent pneumonia.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)429-436
Number of pages8
JournalInternational Journal of Medical Sciences
Volume20
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - 2023

Keywords

  • Dysphagia Severity Scale
  • dysphagia
  • pneumonia
  • videofluoroscopy

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