Vanderwaltozyma polyspora possesses two glycyl-tRNA synthetase genes: One constitutive and one inducible

Chin I. Chien, Yueh Lin Chen, Shun Jia Chen, Chi Mao Chou, Chin Yu Chen, Chien Chia Wang

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Aminoacyl-tRNA synthetases are housekeeping enzymes essential for protein synthesis. We herein present evidence that the yeast Vanderwaltozyma polyspora possesses two paralogous glycyl-tRNA synthetase (GlyRS) genes- GRS1 and GRS2. Paradoxically, GRS1 provided functions in both the cytoplasm and mitochondria, while GRS2 was essentially silent under normal growth conditions. Expression of GRS2 could be activated by stresses such as high pH or ethanol and most effectively by high temperature. The expressed GlyRS2 protein was exclusively found in the cytoplasm and more stable under heat-shock conditions (37 °C) than under normal growth conditions (30 °C) in vivo. In addition, GRS2 effectively rescued the cytoplasmic defect of a Saccharomyces cerevisiae GRS1 knockout strain when expressed from a constitutive promoter. Moreover, the purified GlyRS2 enzyme was fairly active at both 30 °C and 37 °C in glycylation of yeast tRNA in vitro. However, unexpectedly, the purified GlyRS2 enzyme was practically inactive at temperature above 40 °C in vitro. Our study suggests that GRS2 is an inducible gene that acts under stress conditions where GlyRS1 may be insufficient, unavailable, or rendered inactive.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)47-56
Number of pages10
JournalFungal Genetics and Biology
StatePublished - 1 Mar 2015


  • Aminoacyl-tRNA synthetase
  • Constitutive gene
  • Dual function
  • Inducible gene
  • Stress


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