Validation of the sexual assault symptom scale II (SASS II) using a panel research design

Libby O. Ruch, Chang Hwai Wang

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

5 Scopus citations


To examine the utility of a self-report scale of sexual assault trauma, 223 female victims were interviewed with the 43-item Sexual Assault Symptom Scale II (SASS II) at 1, 3, 7, 11, and 15 months postassault. Factor analyses using principal-components extraction with an oblimin rotation yielded 7 common factors with 31 items. The internal consistency was high for 4 factors and moderate for 2 factors. The multitrait-multimethod matrix, correlating the factor subscale scores of self-reported trauma and clinical assessment ratings, demonstrated both convergent and discriminant validity, indicating that the SASS II has construct validity. Correlations between the SASS II subscales and the intrusion subscale of the Impact of Events Scale also indicated the convergent and discriminant validity of the SASS II. Significant positive correlations between current and prior trauma levels further evidence the validity of the SASS.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1440-1461
Number of pages22
JournalJournal of Interpersonal Violence
Issue number11
StatePublished - Nov 2006


  • Assessment
  • Rape trauma
  • Sexual assault trauma
  • Trauma scale


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