Using the synthetic aperture focusing technique with velocity responses to detect the defects inside reinforced concrete structures

Jian Hua Tong, Chin Lung Chiu, Chung Yue Wang, Shu Tao Liao, Hao Lin Wang

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

1 Scopus citations

Abstract

In civil engineering, imaging can be a useful non-destructive testing (NDT) tool for revealing defects in a concrete structure. To date, there is no effective method for imaging the defects inside in situ concrete structures. In this study, a new elastic wave-based NDT method has been developed and then applied to reveal the defects inside concrete specimens using an imaging method. This method integrates the point-source/point-receiver method with the synthetic aperture focusing technique (SAFT) to achieve a scanning effect when using a phase array system. This method operates with a large functioning depth because the transient elastic wave method possesses a high-energy feature, whereas the traditional ultrasonic method does not. As an alternative to using displacement responses, this method uses velocity responses to construct the SAFT image. Based on the numerical simulation and the experimental results, using the proposed method allowed a high image quality to be produced and successfully revealed defects underneath a layer of rebars. The results of this study indicate the great potential for using the elastic wave-based imaging method to inspect defects in situ concrete structures.

Keywords

  • elastic wave
  • image
  • NDT
  • SAFT

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