Using integrated 2D and 3D resistivity imaging methods for illustrating the mud-fluid conduits of the Wushanting mud volcanoes in Southwestern Taiwan

Ping Yu Chang, Shu Kai Chang, Hsing Chang Liu, Shih Chung Wang

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

11 Scopus citations

Abstract

We conducted 2D and 3D looped resistivity surveys in the Wushanting Natural Landscape Preservation Area (WNLPA) in order to understand the relationships of the mud-fluid conduits in the mud volcano system. 2D resistivity surveys were conducted along seven networked lines. Two separate C-shape looped electrode arrays surrounding the volcano craters were used in the study. First, the two 3D looped measurements were inverted separately. Yet the inverted 3D images of the mudvolcano system were inconsistent with the landscape features suggesting that artifacts perhaps appeared in the images. The 3D looped data were then combined with the 2D data for creating a global resistivity model of WNLPA. The resulting 3D image is consistent with the observed landscape features. With the resistivity model of WNLPA, we further tried to estimate the distribution of water content. The results suggest that the 3D resistivity image has the potential to resolve the dual porosity structures in the mudstone area. Last, we used a simplified WNLPA model for forward simulation in order to verify the field measurement results. We have concluded that the artifacts in the 3D looped images are in fact shadow effects from conductive objects out of the electrode loops, and that inverted images of combined 2D and 3D data provide detailed regional conductive structures in the WNLPA site.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1-14
Number of pages14
JournalTerrestrial, Atmospheric and Oceanic Sciences
Volume22
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Feb 2011

Keywords

  • ERT
  • Mud volcano
  • Resistivity

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