Using Cu as a Spacer to Fabricate and Control the Porosity of Titanium Zirconium Based Bulk Metallic Glass Foams for Orthopedic Implant Applications

Pei Chun Wong, Sin Mao Song, Pei Hua Tsai, Muhammad Jauharul Maqnun, Wei Ru Wang, Jia Lin Wu, Shian Ching Jang

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

2 Scopus citations

Abstract

In this study, a porous titanium zirconium (TiZr)-based bulk metallic foam was successfully fabricated using the Cu spacer by employing the hot press method. TiZr-based bulk metallic foams with porosities ranging from 0% to 50% were fabricated and analyzed. The results indicate that thermal conductivity increased with the addition of Cu spacer; the increased thermal conductivity reduced the holding time in the hot press method. Moreover, the compressive strength decreased from 1261 to 76 MPa when the porosity of the TiZr-based bulk metallic foam increased to 50%, and the compressive strength was predictable. In addition, the foam demonstrated favorable biocompatibility in cell viability, cell migration capacity, and calcium deposition tests. Moreover, the pore size of the porous TiZr-based bulk metallic foam was around 120 µm. In conclusion, TiZr-based bulk metallic foam has favorable biocompatibility, mechanical property controllability, and porous structure for bone ingrowth and subsequent enhanced osteointegration. This porous TiZr-based bulk metallic foam has great potential as an orthopedic implant to enhance bone healing and decrease healing time.

Original languageEnglish
Article number1887
JournalMaterials
Volume15
Issue number5
DOIs
StatePublished - 1 Mar 2022

Keywords

  • Biocompatibility
  • Cu spacer
  • Mechanical properties controllability
  • Porous
  • TiZr-based bulk metallic glass

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