Bond homolysis (BHo) is a fundamental concept in chemical-bonding phenomena. To date, research studies on the BHo concept have provided crucial information for understanding the nature of chemical bonding and reactions. Two potential-energy minima, a σ-bonding isomer and a singlet-diradical isomer, have been known to exist in carbon–carbon BHo. Herein, a third isomer, that is, a puckered singlet diradical exhibiting unstructured long-wavelength fluorescence beyond 460 nm, was first observed in the excited states of 1,4-diarylbicyclo[2.1.0]pentane derivatives. The careful selection of appropriate substituents in the bicyclic structures enabled direct spectral detection. State-of-the-art ab initio quantum chemical calculations quantitatively reproduced the experimental observations. This new finding provides new insight into carbon–carbon bond-breaking and -forming processes.
- bond homolysis
- puckered structures