Ultrafine bimetallic Ag-doped Ni nanoparticles embedded in cage-type mesoporous silica SBA-16 as superior catalysts for conversion of toxic nitroaromatic compounds

Canggih Setya Budi, Juti Rani Deka, Diganta Saikia, Hsien Ming Kao, Yung Chin Yang

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

13 Scopus citations

Abstract

Highly active Ag-doped Ni nanoparticles are successfully fabricated within carboxylic acid (−COOH) functionalized mesoporous silica SBA-16 by a facile wet incipient technique for catalytic conversion of toxic nitroaromatics. The −COOH groups on SBA-16 play a crucial role by enhancing the electrostatic interactions with Ag(I)/Ni(II) cations, that control the crystal growth during the thermal reduction. Systematic characterizations of SBA-16C and Agx%Ni@SBA-16C are performed by different techniques including solid state 13C and 29Si nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) spectroscopy, Fourier transform infrared (FT-IR) spectroscopy, X-ray diffraction (XRD), N2 sorption, X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS), high resolution transmission electron microscopy (HRTEM) and superconducting quantum interference device (SQUID). The highly dispersed ultrafine Ag-doped Ni NPs (∼3 nm) are well-confined within SBA-16C and exhibit magnetic properties that are extremely beneficial for recycling. The bimetallic Ag2.4%Ni@SBA-16C shows exceptionally high catalytic activity during catalytic conversion of toxic nitroaromatics to environmentally friendly amino-aromatics. The enhanced catalytic activity could be ascribed to the combined effects of unique electronic properties, synergistic effects of Ag-doped Ni, ultra-small size, metal loading, and favorable textural properties. These magnetically separable nanocatalysts show excellent durability.

Original languageEnglish
Article number121270
JournalJournal of Hazardous Materials
Volume384
DOIs
StatePublished - 15 Feb 2020

Keywords

  • Carboxylic acid
  • Nanocatalyst
  • Nitroaniline
  • Nitrophenol
  • Reduction

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