Ultracool dwarfs identified using spectra in LAMOST DR7

You Fen Wang, A. Li Luo, Wen Ping Chen, Hugh R.A. Jones, Bing Du, Yin Bi Li, Shuo Zhang, Zhong Rui Bai, Xiao Kong, Yan Xin Guo

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

In this work, we identify 734 ultracool dwarfs with a spectral type of M6 or later, including one L0. Of this sample, 625 were studied spectroscopically for the first time. All of these ultracool dwarfs are within 360 pc, with a Gaia G magnitude brighter than 19.2 mag. By studying the spectra and checking their stellar parameters (Teff, log g, and [M/H]) derived with the LAMOST pipeline, we found their cool red nature and their metallicity to be consistent with the nature of Galactic thin-disk objects. Furthermore, 77 of them show lithium absorption lines at 6708, further indicating their young ages and substellar nature. Kinematics obtained through LAMOST radial velocities, along with the proper motion and parallax data from Gaia EDR3, also suggest that the majority of our targets are thin-disk objects. Kinematic ages were estimated through the relationship between the velocity dispersion and the average age for a certain population. Moreover, we identified 35 binaries, with 6 of them reported as binaries for the first time.

Original languageEnglish
Article numberA38
JournalAstronomy and Astrophysics
Volume660
DOIs
StatePublished - 1 Apr 2022

Keywords

  • Binaries: visual
  • Brown dwarfs
  • Stars: late-type
  • Stars: low-mass
  • Surveys

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