Toward Optimal Power Control and Transfer for Energy Harvesting Amplify-and-Forward Relay Networks

Keshav Singh, Meng Lin Ku, Jia Chin Lin, Tharmalingam Ratnarajah

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

42 Scopus citations


In this paper, we study an amplify-and-forward relay network with energy harvesting (EH) source and relay nodes. Both nodes can continuously harvest energy from the environment and store it in batteries with finite capacity. Additionally, the source node is capable of transferring a portion of its energy to the relay node through a dedicated channel. The network performance depends on not only the energy arrival profiles at EH nodes but also the energy cooperation between them. We jointly design power control and transfer for maximizing the sum rate over finite time duration, subject to energy causality and battery storage constraints. By introducing auxiliary variables to confine the accumulated power expenditure, this non-convex problem is solved via a successive convex approximation approach, and the local optimum solutions are obtained through dual decomposition. Also, when channels are quasi-static and the power control values of the source (relay) node are preset to a constant, a monotonically increasing power control structure with the time is revealed for the relay (source) node with infinite battery capacity. Computer simulations are used to validate the theoretical findings and to quantify the impact of various factors, such as EH intensity at nodes and relay position on the sum rate performance.

Original languageEnglish
Article number8360073
Pages (from-to)4971-4986
Number of pages16
JournalIEEE Transactions on Wireless Communications
Issue number8
StatePublished - Aug 2018


  • Energy harvesting
  • amplify-and-forward
  • convex optimization
  • cooperative communications
  • power control
  • wireless power transfer


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