In this work, a novel top-illuminated avalanche photodiode (APD) with a In0.52Al0.48As multiplication (M-) layer is demonstrated. The cascaded M-layer design combined with the unique p-side up mesa structure allows relaxation of the fundamental trade-off between the gain-bandwidth product and the dark current. This leads to the simultaneous high-responsivity, high-speed, high-saturation-power, and low-dark current characteristics of our APDs. At around 0.9 Vbr operation, the demonstrated device with its simple top-illuminated structure and large active window (mesa) diameter of 14 (24) μm exhibits a high responsivity (2.23 A/W), wide optical-to-electrical bandwidth (30 GHz), large gain-bandwidth product (270 GHz), low dark current (∼200 nA), and a saturation current as high as 11 mA. The excellent performance of this APD structure opens up new possibilities to further enhance the sensitivity performance of receivers for coherent communications or 106 Gbit/sec PAM-4 applications.
|Number of pages||8|
|Journal||Journal of Lightwave Technology|
|State||Published - 15 Dec 2022|
- Avalanche photodiode
- p-i-n photodiode