Thermal hysteretic behavior and negative magnetoresistance in the charge density wave material EuTe4

Q. Q. Zhang, Y. Shi, K. Y. Zhai, W. X. Zhao, X. Du, J. S. Zhou, X. Gu, R. Z. Xu, Y. D. Li, Y. F. Guo, Z. K. Liu, C. Chen, S. K. Mo, T. K. Kim, C. Cacho, J. W. Yu, W. Li, Y. L. Chen, Jiun Haw Chu, L. X. Yang

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EuTe4 is a van der Waals material exhibiting a charge density wave (CDW) with a large thermal hysteresis in the resistivity and CDW gap. In this paper, we systematically study the electronic structure and transport properties of EuTe4 using high-resolution angle-resolved photoemission spectroscopy (ARPES), magnetoresistance (MR) measurements, and scanning tunneling microscopy (STM). We observe a CDW gap of ∼200meV at low temperatures that persists up to 400 K, suggesting that the CDW transition occurs at a much higher temperature. The ARPES intensity near the Fermi level shows large thermal hysteretic behavior, consistent with the resistivity measurement. The hysteresis in the resistivity measurement does not change under a magnetic field up to 7 T, excluding the thermal magnetic hysteretic effect. Instead, the surface topography measured with STM shows surface domains with different CDW trimerization directions, which may be important for the thermal hysteretic behavior. Interestingly, we reveal a large negative MR at low temperatures that can be associated with the canting of magnetically ordered Eu spins. Our results shed light on the understanding of magnetic, transport, and electronic properties of EuTe4.

Original languageEnglish
Article number115141
JournalPhysical Review B
Issue number11
StatePublished - 15 Mar 2023


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