Thermal Contraction of Au Nanoparticles

W. H. Li, S. Y. Wu, C. C. Yang, S. K. Lai, K. C. Lee, H. L. Huang, H. D. Yang

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A fine Au powder, with a mean particle diameter of 4 nm, has been successfully fabricated. The crystalline structure of the 4 nm Au nanoparticles remains in fcc symmetry. No structural changes were found between 15 and 450 K. A crossover from a positive thermal expansion at low temperatures to a negative thermal expansion at high temperatures was observed in the fcc cell parameter at about 125 K. Anomalies associated with the crossover were also observed in the magnetic response and the heat capacity measurements. The observations can be reasonably well interpreted by accounting for the effects of the valence electron potential on the equilibrium lattice separations, with a weakly temperature dependent level spacing.

Original languageEnglish
JournalPhysical Review Letters
Issue number13
StatePublished - 2002


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