STEM education is a recent focus in curriculum design across different educational levels. Artificial intelligence (AI) is a growing attention in different educational sectors in the digital era. STEM education targets at cultivating students' creative mindset and cross-disciplinary ability to create artifacts that solve problems of humankind and serve human needs. AI targets at solving problems together with computers for automating parts of the problem-solving processes in a manner comparable with humans' processes. This panel will provide a platform for sharing an international perspective with panelists from different countries about the role of AI in STEM education. The discussion will focus on three directions: (1) the role of STEM activities in promoting students to effectively develop AI literacy; (2) the role of AI elements in promoting students to develop STEM knowledge with fun; and (3) the synergy between AI elements and STEM activities for closely linking up students' school learning with daily life, especially through applying AI literacy in the design of STEM artifacts.