The retrieval of asymmetric tropical cyclone structures using Doppler radar simulations and observations with the extended GBVTD technique

Yu Chieng Liou, Tai Chi Chen Wang, Wen Chau Lee, Ya Ju Chang

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14 Scopus citations

Abstract

The ground-based velocity track display (GBVTD) technique is extended to two Doppler radars to retrieve the structure of a tropical cyclone's (TC's) circulation. With this extension, it is found that the asymmetric part of the TC radial wind component can be derived up to its angular wavenumber-1 structure, and the accuracy of the retrieved TC tangential wind component can be further improved. Although two radar systems are used, a comparison with the traditional dual-Doppler synthesis indicates that this extended GBVTD (EGBVTD) approach is able to estimate more of the TC circulation when there are missing data. Previous research along with this study reveals that the existence of strong asymmetric radial flows can degrade the quality of the GBVTD-derived wind fields. When a TC is observed by one radar, it is suggested that the GBVTD method be applied to TCs over a flat surface (e.g., the ocean) where the assumption of relatively smaller asymmetric radial winds than asymmetric tangential winds is more likely to be true. However, when a TC is observed by two radar systems, especially when the topographic effects are expected to be significant, the EGBVTD rather than the traditional dual-Doppler synthesis should be used. The feasibility of the proposed EGBVTD method is demonstrated by applying it to an idealized TC circulation model as well as a real case study. Finally, the possibility of combining EGBVTD with other observational instruments, such as dropsonde or wind profilers, to recover the asymmetric TC radial flow structures with even higher wavenumbers is discussed.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1140-1160
Number of pages21
JournalMonthly Weather Review
Volume134
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - Apr 2006

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