The relationship between aminoterminal propeptide of type III procollagen and heart rate variability parameters in heart failure patients: A potential serum marker to evaluate cardiac autonomic control and sudden cardiac death

Yen Hung Lin, Chen Lin, Men Tzung Lo, Hung Ju Lin, Yen Wen Wu, Ron Bin Hsu, Chia Lun Chao, Hsiu Ching Hsu, Pa Chun Wang, Vin Cent Wu, Shoei Shen Wang, Chi Ming Lee, Kuo Liong Chien, Yi Lwun Ho, Ming Fong Chen, Chung Kang Peng

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

17 Scopus citations

Abstract

Background: Cardiac extra-cellular matrix (ECM) fibrosis plays an important role in the pathophysiology of heart failure (HF). It may provide electrical heterogeneity and a substrate for arrhythmogenicity, which may cause sudden cardiac death (SCD). Methods: Twenty-one patients with manifestations of HF and a left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF) ≤50% were enrolled. The median age was 62 years and median LVEF was 33%. Time- and frequency-domain analysis of heart rate variability (HRV) on 24 h ambulatory electrocardiography recording was assessed. Serum markers of ECM turnover including type I and III aminoterminal propeptide of procollagen (PINP and PIIINP), matrix metalloproteinase-2 and -9 (MMP-2 and MMP-9), and tissue inhibitor of metalloproteinase-1 (TIMP-1) were analyzed. Results: The serum PIIINP concentration was correlated significantly with standard deviation of all normal to normal R-R intervals (SDNN) (r=-0.722, p=<0.001), percentage of adjacent NN interval differences >50 ms (pNN50) (r=-0.528, p=0.014), percentage of adjacent NN interval differences >20 ms (pNN20) (r=-0.545, p=0.002), very low frequency (VLF) (r=-0.490, p=0.024), low frequency (LF) (r=-0.491, p=0.024), and high frequency (HF) (r=-0.513, p=0.018). PINP, MMP-2, -9, TIMP-1 were not correlated with time- and frequency-domain analysis of HRV. Conclusions: PIIINP was significantly correlated with time- and frequency-domain analysis of HRV in HF patients. PIIINP is a potential serological marker to evaluate cardiac autonomic control and risk of SCD in HF patients.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1821-1827
Number of pages7
JournalClinical Chemistry and Laboratory Medicine
Volume48
Issue number12
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 2010

Keywords

  • HRV
  • collagen
  • extra-cellular matrix
  • heart failure

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