The origins of charge separation in anisotropic facet photocatalysts investigated through first-principles calculations

Shun Chiao Chan, Yu Lin Cheng, Bor Kae Chang, Che Wun Hong

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

1 Scopus citations

Abstract

It was recently discovered that the oxygen evolution reaction (OER) and hydrogen evolution reaction (HER) can be completed on the {110} and {001} facets, respectively, of a 18-facet SrTiO3 mono-crystal. The effective charge separation is attributed to the facet junction at the interface between two arbitrary anisotropic crystal planes. Theoretical estimation of the built-in potential at the facet junction can greatly improve understanding of the mechanism. This work employs density functional theory (DFT) calculations to investigate such potential at the (110)/(100) facet junction in SrTiO3 crystals. The formation of the facet junction is verified by a calculated work function difference between the (110) and (100) planes, which form p-type and n-type segments of the junction, respectively. The built-in potential is estimated at about 2.9 V. As a result, with the ultra high built-in potential, electrons and holes can effectively transfer to different anisotropic planes to complete both photo-oxidative and photo-reductive reactions. This journal is

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)18500-18508
Number of pages9
JournalRSC Advances
Volume11
Issue number30
DOIs
StatePublished - 13 May 2021

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