The wave equation of TM polarized subwavelength beam propagations in a nonlinear planar waveguide is derived beyond the paraxial approximation. This modified equation contains more higher-order linear and nonlinear terms than the nonlinear Schrödinger equation. The propagation of fundamental subwavelength spatial solitons is numerically studied. It is shown that the effect of the higher nonlinear terms is significant. That is, for the propagation of narrower beam the modified nonlinear Schrödinger equation is more suitable than the nonlinear Schrödinger equation.
- Nonlinear effect
- Nonlinear planar waveguide
- Nonlinear Schrödinger equation
- Spatial soliton
- Subwavelength spatial soliton