The influence of gravity on dynamic properties in sheared granular flows

Chun Chung Liao, Shu San Hsiau, Jheng Syun Li, Chi Hwang Tai

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

12 Scopus citations

Abstract

The influences of gravity on the granular flow behavior and dynamic properties were experimentally studied in a vertical shear cell device where the shear dilation direction of granular materials was perpendicular to the gravity direction. The particle motions were recorded by a high-speed camera from three different observational views. By using image processing technology and the particle tracking method, the average velocities and granular temperatures in the streamwise and the transverse directions were successfully measured and analyzed. The results show that the anisotropic motions exist in sheared granular flows. The dynamic properties in the streamwise direction are larger than those in the transverse direction. Due to the gravity effect and bulk flow of granular materials, the local packing structure is not homogenous in the vertical shear cell. By comparing the three different observational views in the vertical shear cell, we find that the spatial average velocity and self-diffusion coefficient are the greatest but the shear rate and granular temperature are the smallest when the particles are co-flowing with gravity causing the most dilute packing structure due to the gravity effect. Similar experiments were also performed in a horizontal shear cell where the shear dilation direction of granular materials was against the gravity direction. The dynamic properties are smaller in the horizontal shear cell than those in the vertical shear cell. It is because the horizontal shear cell has the smaller shear rate with the shear dilation direction against the gravity direction.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2531-2540
Number of pages10
JournalChemical Engineering Science
Volume65
Issue number8
DOIs
StatePublished - 2010

Keywords

  • Granular flow
  • Granular temperature
  • Gravity effect
  • Self-diffusion
  • Velocity fluctuation
  • Vertical shear cell

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