The Hubbard U correction for iron-bearing minerals: A discussion based on (Mg,Fe)SiO3 perovskite

Han Hsu, Koichiro Umemoto, Matteo Cococcioni, Renata M. Wentzcovitch

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28 Scopus citations


Using iron-bearing magnesium silicate perovskite as an example, we show that the Hubbard U correction is not always necessary for calculating the structural and elastic properties of iron-bearing minerals. Instead, it is the choice of DFT functionals (LDA or GGA) that may have greater impact on the quality of the predictive calculation. For iron-bearing minerals, calculations adopting LDA (LDA+U) are generally in better agreement with experimental data than those adopting GGA (GGA+U) after including zero point motion and thermal vibrational effects, as demonstrated by the room-temperature compression curve of (Mg,Fe)SiO3 perovskite. A criterion indicating the necessity of the Hubbard U correction is also discussed. As long as the standard DFT functional produces insulating ground state with correct orbital occupancy, the Hubbard U correction does not affect the computed structural and elastic properties.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)13-19
Number of pages7
JournalPhysics of the Earth and Planetary Interiors
Issue number1-2
StatePublished - Mar 2011


  • First-principles
  • GGA+U
  • Hubbard U
  • Iron-bearing minerals
  • LDA+U
  • Lower mantle


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