The fresh and engineering properties of alkali activated slag as a function of fly ash replacement and alkali concentration

Wei Chien Wang, Her Yung Wang, Ming Hung Lo

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

57 Scopus citations


Geopolymers are novel, environmentally friendly and economical materials. These materials are produced from industrial wastes, such as fly ash and slag. The geopolymer material used in this study is made from recycled materials, including fly ash and slag, and aqueous solution of NaOH and silicate. All of the specimens are produced using a fixed liquid-to-solid ratio (L/S = 0.5), different ratios of fly ash and slag (fly ash replaces slag by 0%, 20%, 40%, and 60%) and various alkaline solutions (0.5%, 1% and 1.5%). The engineering properties of slump, flow, slump flow, flow time, setting time, compressive strength, ultrasonic pulse velocity and anti-sulfate attack are tested at different curing ages 1, 3, 7 and 28 days. The findings show that when the replacement of fly ash is fixed, the slump value, flow value and slump flow increase with the alkalinity of the solutions. The slump value (98 mm) before replacement with 1.5% alkaline solutions 1.5% is increased by approximately 20 mm compared with different replacements of fly ash. Before the addition of any additive with a slow setting effect, the setting time can be shortened by reducing the alkaline solutions. When the alkaline solution increases from 0.5% to 1.0% or 1.5%, the compressive strength quickly develops. The ultrasonic pulse velocity increases with the addition of alkaline solutions. When alkaline activator 0.5% compared to 1.5% of an alkaline activator sulfate, they get more weight loss. The result shows more alkaline activator, less porosity, higher strength, durability relatively is better. These results are expected to upgrade the technical level of slag-based geopolymer with fly ash to further develop Taiwan's energy saving, carbon reduction and environmentally friendly recycled admixtures.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)224-229
Number of pages6
JournalConstruction and Building Materials
StatePublished - 1 Jun 2015


  • Alkali-activated paste
  • Compressive strength
  • Engineering properties
  • Geopolymer
  • Recycled material


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