The effect of ethyl cellulose on TiO2 pastes for DSSCs application

Hsiou Hsuan Wang, Chaochin Su, Chung Ying Wu, Hon Bin Tsai, Wen Ren Li

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Ethyl cellulose (EC)-based TiO2 pastes were prepared in order to fabricate flat and crack-free TiO2 films employing screen-printing technique. Pure anatase TiO2 was synthesised via hydrothermal process using titanium (IV) n-butoxide as Ti-precursor and peptised by acetic acid. The as-prepared TiO2 sol was employed in making a series of pastes with various weight ratios of ethyl cellulose for screen-printing the TiO2 electrode for dye sensitised solar cells (DSSCs). The printed TiO2 electrodes were characterised by surface profile meter, X-ray diffraction (XRD) and scanning electron microscopy (SEM). The printed TiO2 electrode observed under the micro-scale condition exhibited a porous and crack-free structure. After the DSSCs performance measurement, the amount of dye adsorbed on TiO2 electrodes was determined by UV-vis. The DSSCs made from paste with 5.82 wt % of EC demonstrated a high energy conversion efficiency of 7.17% with Jsc = 14.86 mA/cm2, VOC = 0.75 V and FF = 0.64 under the AM1.5 with an illumination of 100 mW/cm2.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1138-1147
Number of pages10
JournalInternational Journal of Nanotechnology
Issue number12
StatePublished - 2014


  • DSSCs
  • Ethyl cellulose
  • Hydrothermal
  • Nanostructure
  • Screen-printing technique
  • TiO pastes


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