The development of urban heat island in Jakarta based on satellite observation

Febryanto Simanjuntak, Tang Huang Lin, Hary Aprianto Wijaya Siahaan, Andika Budi Hermawan

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contributionpeer-review


Jakarta is the government and economic capital of Indonesia with a consistently increasing population, resulting in high demand for infrastructure development, which has several socio-economic benefits. However, the environmental issues related to an increasing population and built-up area have come to the public's attention in recent years. This research analyses the effects of land use and land cover changes (LULCC) on land surface temperature (LST), the development of urban heat island (UHI), and weather conditions from 2000-2019. Focusing the analysis on remote sensing data, satellite images at two time points (2000 and 2019) were used to investigate the LULCC and its impact on UHI development that were associated with meteorological data from ground-based stations. The normalized difference vegetation index (NDVI) and normalized difference built-up index (NDBI) were used to describe the spatial distribution evolution of LULCC along with the urban thermal field variance index (UTFVI) that illustrates the potential impacts of UHI on the quality of life in the urban area. Supervised classification was employed to describe LULCC together with the accuracy of the classification result. UHI areas were extended to the southern and eastern part of Jakarta during the time with an increment of 13%, followed by increasing urban heat island index over a selected urban and rural area. Meanwhile, the decreased number of waters, vegetation, and agriculture area was observed during 2000-2019, followed by the increased number of residence and industry areas. The overall results indicate LULCC plays a critical role in defining the change of LST and meteorological conditions.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationSeventh Geoinformation Science Symposium 2021
EditorsSandy Budi Wibowo, Pramaditya Wicaksono
ISBN (Electronic)9781510650404
StatePublished - 2021
Event7th Geoinformation Science Symposium 2021 - Yogyakarta, Indonesia
Duration: 25 Oct 202128 Oct 2021

Publication series

NameProceedings of SPIE - The International Society for Optical Engineering
ISSN (Print)0277-786X
ISSN (Electronic)1996-756X


Conference7th Geoinformation Science Symposium 2021


  • Jakarta
  • Land surface temperature
  • Land use and land cover change
  • Urban heat island


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