The conversions of 1,3,5-trimethylbenzene over beta zeolite: Effect of SiO2/Al2O3 ratio

Shiao Jung Chu, Yu Wen Chen

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A series of beta zeolites with various SiO2/Al2O3 ratios has been synthesized. These samples were characterized with respect to crystallinity, particle size, acidity and sorption capacities of water, n-hexane and cyclohexane. The conversion of 1,3,5-trimethylbenzene (TrMB) was conducted in a fixed bed reactor at 493-743 K and atmospheric pressure. The conversion of 1,3,5-TrMB decreased with an increase in the SiO2/Al2O3 ratio of the zeolite. The zeolites with low SiO2/Al2O3 ratio favored the disproportionation and the zeolites with high SiO2/Al2O3 ratio favored the isomerization. These can be interpreted by the acid concentration of zeolite. In the isomerization, all zeolites produced more 1,2,4-TrMB than 1,2,3-TrMB. In the disproportionation, the selectivity of tetramethylbenzene (TeMB) was in the order of 1,2,3,5- > 1,2,4,5- > 1,2,3,4-TeMB. The concentration of 1,2,4,5-TeMB is greater than that at equilibrium. The results show that shape selectivity comes into effect. The reaction temperature and the reaction time on stream also affect the selectivity significantly due to coke formation in the zeolites.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1-6
Number of pages6
JournalJournal of Chemical Technology and Biotechnology
Issue number1
StatePublished - May 1998


  • 1,3,5-Trimethylbenzene
  • Beta zeolite
  • Disproportionation
  • Isomerization


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