The change of microbial community from chlorinated solvent-contaminated groundwater after biostimulation using the metagenome analysis

Chih Ming Kao, Hung Yu Liao, Chih Ching Chien, Yi Kuan Tseng, Petrus Tang, Chih En Lin, Ssu Ching Chen

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

64 Scopus citations

Abstract

The compositions of bacterial community in one site contaminated with PCE/TCE after the slow polycolloid-releasing substrate (SPRS) (contained vegetable oil, cane molasses, and surfactants) addition were analyzed. Results show that SPRS caused a rapid enhancement of reductive dechlorination of TCE. The transformation of PCE/TCE into ethene was observed after 20 days of operation. To compare the change of bacterial communities before and after SPRS addition, 16S rRNA amplicon sequencing using the metagenome analysis was performed. Results demonstrated the detection of the increased amounts of Dehalogenimonas by 2.2-fold, Pseudomonas by 3.4-fold and Sulfuricurvum by 4-fold with the analysis of the ribosomal database project (RDP). Metagenomic DNA was extracted from PCE/TCE-contaminated groundwater after SPRS addition, and subjected to sequencing. Results obtained from metagenomic sequencing indicate that genes from Dehalococcoides mccartyi was ranked as the second abundant bacteria among all of the detected bacteria via the analysis of the lowest common ancestor (LCA). Abundance of these bacterial groups, as shown above suggests their role in TCE biodegradation. Functional analysis of the metagenome, with the specific reference to chloroalkane and chloroalkene degradation, revealed the presence of some genes responsible for TCE biodegradation. Overall, results of this study provided new insights for a better understanding of the potential of biostimulation on TCE-contaminated sites.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)144-150
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of Hazardous Materials
Volume302
DOIs
StatePublished - 25 Jan 2016

Keywords

  • Dechlorination
  • Metagenome
  • Microbial community
  • Tetrachloroethane
  • Trichloroethene

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