Task reformulation and data-centric approach for Twitter medication name extraction

Yu Zhang, Jong Kang Lee, Jen Chieh Han, Richard Tzong Han Tsai

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Automatically extracting medication names from tweets is challenging in the real world. There are many tweets; however, only a small proportion mentions medications. Thus, datasets are usually highly imbalanced. Moreover, the length of tweets is very short, which makes it hard to recognize medication names from the limited context. This paper proposes a data-centric approach for extracting medications in the BioCreative VII Track 3 (Automatic Extraction of Medication Names in Tweets). Our approach formulates the sequence labeling problem as text entailment and question-answer tasks. As a result, without using the dictionary and ensemble method, our single model achieved a Strict F1 of 0.77 (the official baseline system is 0.758, and the average performance of participants is 0.696). Moreover, combining the dictionary filtering and ensemble method achieved a Strict F1 of 0.804 and had the highest performance for all participants. Furthermore, domain-specific and task-specific pretrained language models, as well as data-centric approaches, are proposed for further improvements.

Original languageEnglish
Article numberbaac067
JournalDatabase : the journal of biological databases and curation
Volume2022
DOIs
StatePublished - 2022

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