Synthesis and characterization of Ba0.6Sr0.4Ce 0.8-xZrxY0.2O3- δ proton-conducting oxides for use as fuel cell electrolyte

Sheng Wei Lee, Chung Jen Tseng, Jeng Kuei Chang, Kan Rong Lee, Chia Tzu Chen, I. Ming Hung, Sheng Long Lee, Jing Chie Lin

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Ba0.6Sr0.4Ce0.8-xZr xY0.2O3-δ (x = 0-0.8) proton-conducting oxides are prepared using a sol-gel complexing process. The effects of the Ce/Zr ratio on various material properties are systematically investigated. The sintered samples show a perovskite crystal structure without impurity phases and have a rather compact interior, making them suitable for use as a fuel cell electrolyte. Increasing the Zr content in the oxides causes lattice constriction and suppresses grain growth during sintering at 1600 C. The ionic conductivity of the oxides increases with increasing Ce/Zr ratio. At 800 C, Ba0.6Sr0.4Ce0.8Y0.2O 3-δ has a conductivity of as high as 0.14 S/cm. However, X-ray diffraction and Raman spectroscopy evaluations show that this oxide cannot withstand a CO2 atmosphere. A suitable substitution of Ce with Zr in the structure significantly improves the chemical stability of the oxide without significantly degrading conductivity.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)S506-S510
JournalJournal of Alloys and Compounds
Issue numberSUPPL. 1
StatePublished - 2014


  • A. Energy storage materials
  • B. Sol-gel synthesis
  • C. Scanning and transmission electron microscopy
  • C. X-ray diffraction
  • D. Ionic conduction


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