Synergistic effect of Pd-Co3O4 nanoparticles supported on coffee-derived sulfur, nitrogen-codoped hierarchical porous carbon for efficient methanolysis of NaBH4

Samikannu Prabu, Kung Yuh Chiang

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

10 Scopus citations

Abstract

Sulfur, nitrogen-codoped (SN-doped) highly porous carbon nanostructures (CNSs) are established as efficient components for hydrogen generation applications. Waste coffee grounds are carbonized in situ and activated with KOH to produce hierarchically SN doped porous carbon nanostructures with a large specific surface area of 2320 m2 g−1. The amorphous and highly active Pd-Co3O4 nanoparticles (NPs) are anchored onto an SN-codoped carbon nanosheet prepared via a simple hydrothermal reaction. An effective method for optimization of the Pd-Co3O4/SN-CNS-600 catalytic efficiency for NaBH4 methanolysis using sodium sulfide as a precursor or combination of sulfur-containing salts as a raw material is proposed. The Pd-Co3O4/SN-CNS-600 catalyst exhibits an excellent catalytic activity for NaBH4 catalytic methanolysis at room temperature, with a high hydrogen generation rate of 20158 mL H2 min−1 gcat−1. The methanolysis reaction activation energy in an aqueous NaBH4 solution is approximately 14.52 kJ/mol. The excellent Pd-Co3O4/SN-CNS-600 catalytic activity is attributed to the small size and amorphous state of Pd-Co3O4 NPs, good synergistic interaction between Pd-Co3O4 NPs and SN-CNS with a large specific surface area, and abundant defects. Highly efficient, inexpensive, and environment-friendly catalysts are successfully developed for hydrogen generation.

Original languageEnglish
Article number168548
JournalJournal of Alloys and Compounds
Volume938
DOIs
StatePublished - 25 Mar 2023

Keywords

  • Hydrogen generation
  • Methanolysis
  • Sodium borohydride
  • Waste coffee grounds

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