Suppressing turbulence of self-propelling rods by strongly coupled passive particles

Yen Shuo Su, Hao Chen Wang, I. Lin

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

5 Scopus citations

Abstract

The strong turbulence suppression, mainly for large-scale modes, of two-dimensional self-propelling rods, by increasing the long-range coupling strength Γ of low-concentration passive particles, is numerically demonstrated. It is found that large-scale collective rod motion in forms of swirls or jets is mainly contributed from well-aligned dense patches, which can push small poorly aligned rod patches and uncoupled passive particles. The more efficient momentum transfer and dissipation through increasing passive particle coupling leads to the formation of a more ordered and slowed down network of passive particles, which competes with coherent dense active rod clusters. The frustration of active rod alignment ordering and coherent motion by the passive particle network, which interrupt the inverse cascading of forming large-scale swirls, is the key for suppressing collective rod motion with scales beyond the interpassive distance, even in the liquid phase of passive particles. The loosely packed active rods are weakly affected by increasing passive particle coupling due to the weak rod-particle interaction. They mainly contribute to the small-scale modes and high-speed motion.

Original languageEnglish
Article number030302
JournalPhysical Review E - Statistical, Nonlinear, and Soft Matter Physics
Volume91
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - 30 Mar 2015

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