Superhydrophilic Modification of Polycarbonate Substrate Surface by Organic Plasma Polymerization Film

Kuan Wei Lu, Yu Tian Lin, Hung Sen Wei, Chien Cheng Kuo

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

6 Scopus citations


Superhydrophilicity performs well in anti-fog and self-cleaning applications. In this study, polycarbonate substrate was used as the modification object because of the low surface energy characteristics of plastics. Procedures that employ plasma bombardment, such as etching and high surface free energy coating, are applied to improve the hydrophilicity. An organic amino silane that contains terminal amine group is introduced as the monomer to perform plasma polymerization to ensure that hydrophilic radicals can be efficiently deposited on substrates. Different levels of hydrophilicity can be reached by modulating the parameters of plasma bombardment and polymerization, such as plasma current, voltage of the ion source, and bombardment time. The surface of a substrate that is subjected to plasma bombarding at 150 V, 4 A for 5 min remained superhydrophilic for 17 days. After 40 min of Ar/O2 plasma bombardment, which resulted in a substrate surface roughness of 51.6 nm, the plasma polymerization of organic amino silane was performed by tuning the anode voltage and operating time of the ion source, and a water contact angle < 10 and durability up to 34 days can be obtained.

Original languageEnglish
Article number4411
Issue number13
StatePublished - 1 Jul 2022


  • amino silane
  • plasma polymerization
  • polycarbonate
  • superhydrophilicity
  • surface modification


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