Structural phase transition and its critical dynamics from holography

Chuan Yin Xia, Hua Bi Zeng, Chiang Mei Chen, Adolfo Del Campo

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1 Scopus citations

Abstract

We introduce a gravitational lattice theory defined in an AdS3 black hole background that provides a holographic dual description of the linear-to-zigzag structural phase transition, characterized by the spontaneous breaking of parity symmetry observed in, e.g., confined Coulomb crystals. The transition from the high-symmetry linear phase to the broken-symmetry doubly degenerate zigzag phase can be driven by quenching the coupling between adjacent sites through the critical point. An analysis of the equilibrium correlation length and relaxation time reveals mean-field critical exponents. We explore the nonequilibrium phase transition dynamics leading to kink formation. The kink density obeys universal scaling laws in the limit of slow quenches, described by the Kibble-Zurek mechanism (KZM), and at fast quenches, characterized by a universal breakdown of the KZM.

Original languageEnglish
Article number026017
JournalPhysical Review D
Volume108
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - 15 Jul 2023

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