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A symmetrically stacked structure [(a-Si:H(n+)/a-Si:H(i)/CZ wafer (n)/a-Si:H(i)/a-Si:H(n+)] was used to optimize the growth process conditions of the n-type hydrogenated amorphous silicon [a-Si:H(n+)] thin films. Here a-Si:H(n+) film was used as back surface field (BSF) layer for the silicon heterojunction solar cell and all stacked films were prepared by conventional radio-frequency plasma-enhanced chemical vapor deposition. The characterizations of the effective carrier lifetime (τeff), electrical and structural properties, as well as correlation with the hydrogen dilution ratio (R=H2/SiH4) were systematically discussed with the emphasis on the effectiveness of the passivation layer using the lifetime tester, spectroscopic ellipsometry, and hall measurement. High quality of a stacked BSF layer (intrinsic/n-type a-Si:H layer) with effective carrier lifetime of 1.8 ms can be consistently obtained. This improved passivation layer can be primarily attributed to the synergy of chemical and field effect to significantly reduce the surface recombination.
- back surface field
- effective carrier lifetime
- hydrogenated amorphous silicon
- radio-frequency plasma-enhanced chemical deposition
- silicon heterojunction