Strengthening of paleo-typhoon and autumn rainfall in Taiwan corresponding to the Southern Oscillation at late Holocene

Huei Fen Chen, Shie Ying Wen, Shen Rong Song, Tien Nan Yang, Teh Quei Lee, Sue Fen Lin, Shih Chieh Hsu, Kuo Yen Wei, Ping Yu Chang, Pai Sen Yu

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66 Scopus citations


The purpose of this study is to improve prehistoric knowledge of paleo-typhoon and winter monsoon activity in the western North Pacific after 8cal. ka BP. We examine two sediment cores derived from lakes located to the south and north of the Ilan Plain in northeastern Taiwan. Seasonal and typhoon rainfall data over the past several decades are collected for this study region. We also use mineral indicators, K/Rb ratios and grain size to estimate sediment sources, intensity of chemical weathering and rainfall intensity. The results show that the chemical weathering index (K/Rb ratio) of Meihua Lake indicates the continuing effects of autumn rainfall, while coarse grain sizes of Dahu Lake sediments suggest increased intensity in typhoon rainfall. Grain size results reveal that increasing El Niño-Southern Oscillation intensity in the tropical Pacific has intensified the activity of super typhoons in the western North Pacific. Finally, we find that frequent activity of super paleo-typhoons occurred in Taiwan during the La Niña-like state, and the strengthening winter monsoon activity and higher sea surface temperature enhanced plentiful autumn rainfall in El Niño-like state. After comparing our results with the paleo-typhoon data in Japan and south China, we suggest that the tracks of super typhoon are mainly affected by variations in the warm pool and subtropical Northwestern Pacific High in the western Pacific.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)964-972
Number of pages9
JournalJournal of Quaternary Science
Issue number9
StatePublished - Dec 2012


  • ENSO
  • Grain size
  • North Pacific
  • Paleo-typhoon
  • Winter monsoon


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