Strange hadron production at low transverse momenta

Gábor I. Veres, B. B. Back, M. D. Baker, M. Ballintijn, D. S. Barton, B. Becker, R. R. Betts, A. A. Bickley, R. Bindel, A. Budzanowski, W. Busza, A. Carroll, M. P. Decowski, E. García, T. Gburek, N. George, K. Gulbrandsen, S. Gushue, C. Halliwell, J. HamblenA. S. Harrington, C. Henderson, D. J. Hofman, R. S. Hollis, R. Hołyński, B. Holzman, A. Iordanova, E. Johnson, J. L. Kane, N. Khan, P. Kulinich, C. M. Kuo, J. W. Lee, W. T. Lin, S. Manly, A. C. Mignerey, A. Noell, R. Nouicer, A. Olszewski, R. Pak, I. C. Park, H. Pernegger, C. Reed, L. P. Remsberg, C. Roland, G. Roland, J. Sagerer, P. Sarin, P. Sawicki, I. Sedykh, W. Skulski, C. E. Smith, P. Steinberg, G. S.F. Stephans, A. Sukhanov, R. Teng, M. B. Tonjes, A. Trzupek, C. Vale, G. J. Van Nieuwenhuizen, R. Verdier, B. Wadsworth, F. L.H. Wolfs, B. Wosiek, K. Woźniak, A. H. Wuosmaa, B. Wysłouch, J. Zhang

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3 Scopus citations

Abstract

Some of the latest results of the PHOBOS experiment from the √S NN = 200 GeV Au+Au data are discussed. Those relevant to strangeness production are emphasized. These observations relate to the nature of the matter created when heavy ions collide at the highest achieved energy. The invariant yields of strange and non-strange charged hadrons at very low transverse momentum have been measured, and used to differentiate between different dynamical scenarios. In the intermediate transverse momentum range, the measured ratios of strange and anti-strange kaons approach one, while the antibaryon to baryon ratio is still significantly less, independent of collision centrality and transverse momentum. At high transverse momenta, we find that central and peripheral Au+Au collisions produce similar numbers of charged hadrons per participant nucleon pair, rather than per binary nucleon-nucleon collision. Finally, we describe the upgrades of PHOBOS completed for the 2003 d+Au and p+p run, which extend the transverse momentum range over which particle identification is possible and, at the same time, implement a trigger system selective for high-pT particles.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)S93-S102
JournalJournal of Physics G: Nuclear and Particle Physics
Volume30
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 2004

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