Solid-state 7Li NMR studies of inverse spinel LiNixCo1-xVO4 cathode materials

Peter P. Chu, D. L. Huang, George T.K. Fey

Research output: Contribution to journalConference articlepeer-review

7 Scopus citations

Abstract

Solid-state 7Li NMR spectroscopy revealed different Ni/Co distributions in an inverse spinel structure of LiNixCo1-VO4 cathode materials prepared by either a high-temperature solid-state reaction method (abbreviated as the HT method) or a low-temperature solution co-precipitation method (abbreviated as the LT method). Solid-state 7Li NMR measurements confirmed that the lithium nuclear spin was dominated by a chemical shift anisotropy (CSA) interaction compounded with a small second-order quadrupolar interaction. Ni/Co distribution and inhomogeneity of chemical shift tensors (δCSA and ηCSA constants) associated with crystalline defects are accountable for the variation in spread of the MAS spinning side-band manifolds between nickel uptake and preparation methods. The NMR study also revealed that the HT method yielded broader Ni/Co distributions with greater lithium defects, while the LT method gave much more homogeneous Ni/Co distributions with smaller defects. The NMR results were consistent with XRD data that showed a gradual expansion in the unit-cell lattice with increasing Co content. All cells suffered a large irreversible loss in overall capacity in the first cycle and became stable in terms of cycle efficiency during later cycling. We have found that LiNixCo1-xVO4 cathode materials prepared by the LT method with more homogeneous Ni/Co distribution and smaller crystalline defects offer a small advantage in capacity over the HT method.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)95-102
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of Power Sources
Volume90
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Sep 2000
EventThe 1999 International Symposium on Rechargeable - Kyoto, Jpn
Duration: 14 Nov 199916 Nov 1999

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