In this study, social security adds, control, and management for flood in Taiwan under extreme climate were studied between 1994 and 2013. First, the laws related to disasters prevention and social add were surveyed, including the Disaster Prevention and Protection Act (DPPA) and Public Assistance Act (PAA). Second, the times of flood and amount of social security add were investigated for the past two decades. Third, adaptation strategy to flood under climate change was proposed. It was found that the times of flood increased significantly from 1994 to 2013. The average times of flood between 2004 and 2013 have 4.00-fold increase than those between 1994 and 2003. In addition, the standard deviations have 4.16-fold increase, revealing that increasingly torrential rains and severe flooding occurred in Taiwan. The mean value from 2004 to 2013 gave on 2.21 times more amount than that between 1994 and 2003. The standard deviation of that was approximately 2.35 times than that from 1994 to 2003. It revealed that increasingly torrential rains and severe flooding resulted in more social aid amount in Taiwan. The adaptation strategy to flood under climate change was proposed. Taiwan government divided eight sectors for adaptation including disaster sector, infrastructure sector, water resource sector, land use sector, coastal zone sector, energy supply and industry sector, agricultural production and biodiversity sector, and health sector. We listed 15 impacts of flood for eight sectors. In addition, 26 adaptation measures for flood were suggested in this study.
|Title of host publication||Natural Disasters|
|Subtitle of host publication||Risk Assessment, Management Strategies and Challenges|
|Publisher||Nova Science Publishers, Inc.|
|Number of pages||10|
|State||Published - 1 Jan 2016|