This paper studies single-fault fault collapsing in sequential logic circuits. Two major phenomena, self-hiding (SH) and delayed reconvergence (DR), which arise from the existence of feedback paths and storage elements in sequential circuits, are analyzed and found to cause the dominance relationship which is valid in combinational circuits but no longer valid in sequential circuits. A fault-collapsing procedure is proposed to collapse faults in sequential circuits. It first collapses faults in the non-SAD (self-hiding and delayed-reconvergence) gates of the combinational part of the sequential circuit and then further collapses faults by identifying the prime fan-out branches. Finally, it collapses faults in feedback lines. The collapsed faults constitute a sufficient representative set of prime faults. This procedure has been applied to collapse faults for 31 benchmark sequential circuits  and the number of faults has collapsed to 43% of the original number.
|Number of pages||10|
|Journal||IEEE Transactions on Computer-Aided Design of Integrated Circuits and Systems|
|State||Published - Dec 1991|