Simulation on spin wave transmission and domain wall dynamics in a permalloy nanostrip

Ravish K. Jain, Li Zai Tsai, Bo Chien Huang, Liang Juan Chang, Jun Zhi Liang, Yu Hui Tang, Shang Fan Lee

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

2 Scopus citations


Spin waves (SWs), the magnons, can potentially be used for fast and energy efficient information processing and the interaction of SWs with a magnetic domain wall (DW), which is quite complex, can play a key role in the development of magnonic devices. Manipulation of SW amplitude and phase is the key step in realization of spin wave devices. The SW transmission through DW is strongly dependent on the magnetization angle inside the DW and spatial movement of DW is coupled to this interaction. Magnonic spin transfer torque and linear momentum transfer of SW, collectively, control the motion of the DW and the rotation of magnetization inside the DW. In the present work, micromagnetic simulations were performed considering a ferromagnetic permalloy nanostrip with perpendicular magnetic anisotropy (PMA) using mumax3 platform to study SW transmission through DW. The correlation between rotation in magnetization tilt angle (δϕ) inside an initially Néel-type DW and SW-transmission ratio (TD) was investigated at different SW-frequencies ranging from 18 GHz to 28 GHz. Applied SW amplitude at each frequency was sufficiently large for transverse DW to show oscillatory motion along the length of the strip. The results showed that the dependence of TD on rotation in magnetization angle (δϕ) decreases as the frequency of SW is increased and it approaches a nearly isotropic behavior at higher frequencies.

Original languageEnglish
Article number169901
JournalJournal of Magnetism and Magnetic Materials
StatePublished - 1 Dec 2022


  • DW-magnetization rotation
  • DW-oscillations
  • PMA nanostrip
  • SW-DW interaction
  • Transmittance ratio


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