Shape-selective alkylation of naphthalene with isopropanol over large pore zeolites

Shiao Jung Chu, Yu Wen Chen

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52 Scopus citations


Isopropylation of naphthalene was carried out over various zeolites such as USY, H-beta, H-mordenite, and ZSM-5. A non-microporous catalyst, fluorinated resin, was also included for comparison. The influence of the zeolite structure and reaction parameters was studied for this reaction. A high β,β- and 2,6-selectivity was observed with twelve-member ring zeolite. Under the reaction conditions, 1 atm, 200°C, with a feed of naphthalene:isopropanol:cyclohexane=1:2:10 (mole ratio) and space velocity WHSV = 3.02h-1, 92% naphthalene conversion and a β,β-selectivity of 90% was obtained with USY catalyst. In any case, USY zeolite exhibits the highest activity and stability of all the catalysts. Although the selectivity to 2,6-diisopropylnaphthalene on USY is somewhat less than those on H-beta and H-mordenite, its high activity and stability can overcome this weak point. For USY, the reaction temperature of 200°C gives the highest naphthalene conversion.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)51-58
Number of pages8
JournalApplied Catalysis A: General
Issue number1
StatePublished - 2 Mar 1995


  • Alkylation of naphthalene
  • Beta zeolite
  • Diisopropylnaphthalene
  • Large pore zeolite
  • Mordenite
  • Naphthalene alkylation
  • Shape selectivity
  • USY zeolite


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