Separation of endocrine disruptors from aqueous solutions by pervaporation: Dioctylphthalate and butylated hydroxytoluene in mineral water

Akon Higuchi, Boo Ok Yoon, Takayuki Kaneko, Mariko Hara, Maya Maekawa, Takashi Nohmi

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

20 Scopus citations

Abstract

We examined the existence of endocrine disruptors in mineral water, ultrapure water, and tap water. GC/MS analysis revealed that dioctylphthalate (di-n-oc-tylphthalate and di(2-ethylhexyl)phthalate) in the water was found to be on the order of parts per billion. The dioctylphthalate concentration remained consistent for mineral water of the same brand, regardless of whether it was bottled in a PET bottle or a glass bottle. Therefore, the dioctylphthalate contamination in mineral water originated from the manufacturing line of the mineral water and not as a result of leaching from PET bottles. Butylated hydroxytoluene (BHT), an oxidization prevention agent in plastics, was detected at 2.05 ± 0.1 ppb in the mineral water bottled in glass bottles, but was not detected in the mineral water bottled in PET bottles. BHT contamination in the mineral water in the glass bottles is likely to have originated from the cap of the glass bottles, as the caps were sealed with polyethylene. We further investigated the feasibility of separating dioctylphthalate and BHT from the mineral water by pervaporation using hydrophobic polydimethylsiloxane membranes. We found that trace amounts (on the order of parts per billion) of organic chemicals such as dioctylphthalate and BHT in aqueous solutions can be removed and concentrated by the pervaporation using polydimethylsiloxane membranes.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1737-1742
Number of pages6
JournalJournal of Applied Polymer Science
Volume94
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - 15 Nov 2004

Keywords

  • Endocrine disruptors
  • GC-MS
  • Membrane
  • Mineral water
  • Pervaporation

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