Semiparametric transformation joint models for longitudinal covariates and interval-censored failure time

Chyong Mei Chen, Pao sheng Shen, Yi Kuan Tseng

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

5 Scopus citations


In many clinical trials and epidemiology research, subjects are followed-up repeatedly, and repeated measurements on longitudinal covariates as well as an observation on a possibly censored time-to-event are collected on each subject. The longitudinal covariates are often measured intermittently with measurement errors, and the measurement process is terminated by a correlated event process, leading to informative missing data. Methods for joint modelling of longitudinal and time to-event data have received much attention in the statistics literature in recent years. Most research has focused on right-censoring mechanism for the event time. In practice, the event time is often examined at the pre-scheduled times, at which the longitudinal covariates are also measured, resulting in interval-censored survival data. To take the interval censoring into account and to provide a more general framework for studying the effects of covariates on survival time, a new class of joint models is proposed. The joint model comprises a linear mixed-effects model for the longitudinal biomarkers and a class of semiparametric transformation models for the failure time, which incorporates the underlying longitudinal biomarkers as time-dependent covariates. The likelihood approach and an EM algorithm for obtaining the semiparametric maximum likelihood estimator (SPMLE) are developed. In M-step, a hybrid algorithm combining the Newton–Raphson and self-consistency algorithms is used to compute the finite-dimensional and infinite-dimensional parameters. The existence and consistency of the SPMLE are established. The proposed method is investigated through simulation studies and illustrated using a real dataset from a Taiwanese HIV/AIDS cohort study.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)116-127
Number of pages12
JournalComputational Statistics and Data Analysis
StatePublished - Dec 2018


  • Interval-censored data
  • Joint modelling
  • Longitudinal data
  • Self-consistency equation
  • Transformation models


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