Self-Powered Active Sensor with Concentric Topography of Piezoelectric Fibers

Yiin Kuen Fuh, Zih Ming Huang, Bo Sheng Wang, Shan Chien Li

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

15 Scopus citations

Abstract

In this study, we demonstrated a flexible and self-powered sensor based on piezoelectric fibers in the diameter range of nano- and micro-scales. Our work is distinctively different from previous electrospinning research; we fabricated this apparatus precisely via near-field electrospinning which has a spectacular performance to harvest mechanical deformation in arbitrary direction and a novel concentrically circular topography. There are many piezoelectric devices based on electrospinning polymeric fibers. However, the fibers were mostly patterned in parallel lines and they could be actuated in limited direction only. To overcome this predicament, we re-arranged the parallel alignment into concentric circle pattern which made it possible to collect the mechanical energy whenever the deformation is along same axis or not. Despite the change of topography, the output voltage and current could still reach to 5 V and 400 nA, respectively, despite the mechanical deformation was from different direction. This new arbitrarily directional piezoelectric generator with concentrically circular topography (PGCT) allowed the piezoelectric device to harvest more mechanical energy than the one-directional alignment fiber-based devices, and this PGCT could perform even better output which promised more versatile and efficient using as a wearable electronics or sensor.

Original languageEnglish
Article number44
JournalNanoscale Research Letters
Volume12
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - 1 Dec 2017

Keywords

  • Deformation sensors
  • Direct-write
  • Near-field electrospinning (NFES)
  • Piezoelectric generator with concentrically circular topography (PGCT)
  • Polyvinylidene fluoride (PVDF)

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